All You Need to Know about: How to Grow Hemp
Are you planning to grow Hemp in your state?
You should because the passing of the 2018 Farm Bill by Donald Trump allows anyone to do so. You have to read the bill to know which states are allowed. Money is in the Hemp.
If you have a passion for growing this plant, chances are, you don’t know where to begin. The good news is, we have an article that has everything you need to learn about the Hemp plant.
Let’s dive right in.
Basics of Growing CBD Hemp
If you have never grown Hemp before or you don’t have even the slightest idea of what it is, consider this section written for you. It will cover the basics you need to know before you start growing this plant.
Hemp belongs to the Cannabis Sativa family. It is the same family where Marijuana plants belong. Both plants have a unique biological structure, which makes them differ from one another.
For instance, marijuana plants have thick, dense buds and are bushy when they grow. Hemp, on the other hand, is tall and thin. What’s more, they don’t have a thick bud. That said, if you look at the two plants well, you can’t make a mistake between the two. There’s a big difference.
The second difference between Hemp and Marijuana comes from Cannabis Content. Hemp has a 9.3% THC, while marijuana has 5-30% THC content, sometimes more depending on where it was grown or the extraction process.
Uses of CBD Hemp
Hemp is grown for different reasons. Hemp is used for industrial purposes, like making fibers. Recently it is being grown for CBD. It can also serve as nutritional seeds like hemp seed oil. If you want to grow this plant, you have to know what you will use it for. Will it be fiber, seed, or CBD. You can read about the effects of hemp flower here
At the time of writing, Hemp is grown for CBD.
Why? Credible sources state that the CBD industry is growing, and it is estimated to be worth $22 billion. Now it is legal to grow Hemp in the USA and other parts of the World. Let us look at it uses in details:
- Fiber- Traditionally, this plant has been used to create fiber. Fibers from hemp plants have been known to manufacturer paper, textiles, fuel, building material, and lots of things. In fiber production, Hemp is grown on large-scale production, which includes the harvest, processing, and transporting of Hemp.
- Seeds- Did you know that hemp seeds are nutritious food? Yes, they are, and that’s why they are expensive. Seeds from Hemp will usually contain a low amount of cannabinoid. Since the seeds are used for nutritional purposes, they are delicate, and a lot of care is taken in the processing.
- Cannabinoid- Hemp contains CBD, which companies use to make oil and other products. Growing CBD hemp strains need some level of know-how and mastery so that the farmer achieves the highest quality of CBD levels to keep the THC level below 0.3%. CBD grown for Hemp involves using a female plant only.
If a farmer uses both the male and female plants or if they are grown together, the level of CBD will decrease while the seed production will increase. So the first thing is to ask yourself, what type of Hemp do you want to grow. Not all hemp plants are grown the same. Hemp plants for fiber will be grown differently from hemp plants for seeds or CBD.
While CBD hemp plants will be grown similarly like marijuana, the difference will come in the level of THC each plant contains. Unlike marijuana, industrial Hemp is reaped like wheat, where the tops are harvested for the seed while the stalks and other parts are prepared for industrial reasons.
Now to the million-dollar question you have been waiting for.
How Does CBD Hemp Grow
Cannabis plants grow like weeds, and it’s one of the most natural crops you will ever grow. Why do we say so? Because you can grow it anywhere, you feel like.
That said, if the purpose of your growing Hemp is to use the CBD, then you have to ensure you have the highest quality seeds from Hemp. Each plant will have to be prepared and taken care of individually for them to grow and thrive.
If you cultivate each plant separately well, you will have a high-quality harvest. Now to the million-dollar question:
What are the best conditions for growing Hemp? Before that, let’s say a thing or two about the hemp seeds.
Also read 30 fun facts about cbd
Choosing the Best Hemp Seeds
It is a challenge finding the right seeds from hemp farmers. A lot of seeds are found in Europe and Canada, but if they are found in the U.S., it is another question.
Besides getting hemp seeds from Europe or Canada, you can also get them online. The only caveat to buying online is, it is hard to know if they are stable to ensure consistent cropping. Michael Bowman, the founder of the National Hemp Association, states that it takes one year for hemp farmers to have quality seeds.
Since the legalization of Hemp, it is a bit challenging to get the right seeds. We only hope that will change in the future. For now, one can get seeds from reputable suppliers like:
Seeds From CBDDY- They are leaders in the industry. You have to make inquiries to know their prices and if they sell seeds in your state.
ColoradoByDesign- They sell only non-feminized varieties of seed
Bulkhempwarehouse.com- They stock unnamed types. If you want to experiment with CBD seeds in your garden, you can give them a try.
Feminized Hemp seeds are genetically altered so that they can produce more female plants. These kinds of seeds never need cross-pollination. That said, if you plant organic hemp seeds only, you need to research the seeds before you buy adequately.
Any hemp farmer will tell you that GMO seeds are not excellent for sustainable hemp production. Besides that, you also need to be aware that hemp seeds are expensive, and sometimes you may require to send an application letter to obtain them.
Hemp Seed Varieties
When buying hemp seed, it is vital to know the level of each CBD and CBN in the seeds. Here is a breakdown on some of the hemp varieties:
- Cherry 308- These are non-feminized hemp seeds. Their CBD levels are 12 to 14%, and CBN is 1.4%. The flowing period happens between nine to 11 weeks, and they have a THC level of 0.03%.
- Hawaiian Haze– These seeds are feminized by Chris Eoff, founder of CBDDY.
- USO 31- These seeds have both male and female seeds. They mature fast and rich in fiber. They do have a THC level of 0.2%. The ideal time to harvest them is August 25. In North America, they are either grown as grain or for dual-purpose use. Hemplogic advises farmers to plant them at the rate of 25 pounds per acre.
- Z2-They are non-feminized seeds. They have a CBD level of six to seven percent with THC of less than 0.03%. Their flowering stage happens between eight to ten weeks.
- Abacus- This a Northern California non-feminized hemp strain that has a delicious flavor. Abacus seed produces flavorful oil. The good thing about these seeds is that they can grow in snow and bad soil. The CBD level in these seeds is between 10 to 12 percent, and farmers mostly harvest them in late October.
Ideal Conditions for Growing Hemp
Hemp can grow anywhere as long as you have the best conditions possible, and you are cultivating them well.
- The Soil
First, you have to check the soil condition because Hemp does well in certain soil than others. You can either buy a soil test online or take your soil sample to a reputable agricultural testing center. Hemp grows in soil that has a ph of 6-7.5. This kind of soil is well-aerated and rich in organic matter plus minerals they need for growing throughout the seasons.
- The Sun
Every plant loves the sun, including Hemp. Unlike most crops, Hemp is a plant that loves to receive most of the sunlight. While it can grow with six hours of daylight every day. If you want this plant to grow and thrive, make sure it receives at least 12 hours of sunshine per day. You will need to plant the seeds after the last danger of frost, which is mid-spring in some parts of North America.
- The Water
The Hemp plants will need 20 to 30 inches of rainfall for it to have a full growth cycle. If you live in a place with little rain, you will need to do irrigation. The hemp plant needs a lot of moisture for it to germinate. Bear in mind that water absorption increases every day until the plant starts flowering. Tests done in 1975 to 1977 indicate that soil moisture shouldn’t go below 80% during ontogenesis.
- Pest Control
Pest and disease will affect any crop, and Hemp is no exception. When you grow Hemp, many garden pests and pathogens will try to kill it. What’s worse, diseases like the white and grey mold would also invade the hemp plant. One thing you have to keep in mind is, any pesticides you buy has to meet the USDA National List of Allowed and Prohibited Substances. If you want to avoid the spread of diseases and pesticides, you have to do 4-year crop rotation. Here is a list of things that can happen to a hemp plant
- Bacteria Leaf Spot– As the name indicates, these are brown spots that show up on hemp plant’s leaves. If you grow your hemp seedling together, they will receive little air circulation. Lack of enough oxygen causes leaf spot.
- Rootworms- They eggs and the larvae feed on the roots of the plant. What you need to do is till the land well and spray organic pesticides, which will kill the eggs.
- Corn Borers- These insects will lay eggs under the leaves. The eggs will hatch into a moth around May or June, which will feed on the leaves. You can use pheromone traps or encourage garden predators to feed on the corn borers.
- Blister beetles- These insects are harmful to both humans and plants. You can either remove them with your bare hands or use diatomaceous earth to kill them.
Hemp is harvested early around October. This is the time where the cannabinoid levels are at the peak. The same thing happens when you are harvesting marijuana; the flowers are ripe and dry. After harvest, the next big step is knowing where to sell your crop or send for extraction.
Capital and Overhead Cost
Let’s face it:
Starting growing Hemp is not cheap. You will have to spend money on land and even buy the equipment that you need. In other words, the overhead cost is high if you are a first-time farmer. But if you have a small farm somewhere, that’s perfectly fine.
Besides investing in a farm and keeping it running, You will need to get a special permit from the State’s Department of Agriculture. Some states will still need you to go through a background check if you want to be a farmer.
Following the law is essential. If you don’t, your crops might be destroyed. For instance, Hemp grown in the USA can’t exceed 0.3% THC limit. It is a law that will separate you from growing marijuana in your farm. If your hemp plant exceeds that number, as per the U.S. law, your crops will be destroyed.
According to the National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL), 41 states have taken the initiative to create legislation to regulate and control the growth of Hemp in their region. The law also goes into detail about hemp research and hemp cultivation. As a hemp farmer, these are laws you need to know before you start growing Hemp.
Now is the Time to Grow Hemp
Do you know the right time to grow Hemp? If you look at your watch, the right time is now. Thanks to the existing laws, Hemp is now a new wonder crop that is needed for many purposes, from medical to industrial. One thing you need to understand is growing this plant is not something new; it is only new to us because we are doing it for the first time.
If you’re looking to start growing hemp this year but don’t know where to source your starting genetics, well CBDDY is a leading supplier of High Cannabinoid Hemp Genetics.