What You Need to Know About Terpenes

High Terpene Hemp Flower

What You Need to Know About Terpenes


 

If you have ever been in a botanical or flowering garden, chances are, you have had a fragrance smells coming out of different plants. Or better, if you have used a hemp plant like us before you have come across certain scents. Well, these scents from plants, including Hemp, are Terpenes. Let’s take a deep dive to discover what they are and the role they place.

 

What are Terpenes and What Types Exist

 

Terpene is an organic chemical compound with a captivating smell in a Hemp or Marijuana plant. These substances give the hemp plant its flavor, scent, and color. In fact, the same substance has been used in food additives, perfumes, and aromatherapy. Some terpenes have medicinal properties that help in fighting bacteria and fungus.

 

For instance, rosemary, mint, and basil have a robust terpene scent. That is why they are used for aromatherapy. Hemp plants have two types of terpenes: either distinguished as open-chain or ring terpenes.

 

The main difference between Hemp and cannabis terpenes lies in their concentration profile. What we mean is, cannabis has a stronger terpene profile than Hemp. The hemp plant has 120 terpenes while the marijuana plant over 200 terpenes.

 

What are the Visual Indicators of Terpene Quality

 

The quality of the terpene matters a lot. You can’t judge the quality of terpene looking at the CBD oil alone. You’ll have to take a puff to find out if the terpenes are artificial or botanical.  But there are at least four ways of knowing that you have a quality terpene in the CBD oil.

 

#1. The oil has to look golden. The more golden the oil, the higher the quality of hemp terpene.

#2. Go for natural flavor oil

#3. The temperature difference in the extraction process– High temperature volatilizes the terpenes making them less potent from a molecular biomass perspective.

#4. Mode of extraction. When ethanol is used in the extraction process, one can get most of the terpenes as opposed to using CO2, butane, or propane.

 

Hemp Terpene Benefits Explained.

 

Terpenes have antimicrobial properties. What that means is, they can fight harmful bacteria and viruses. Terpenes like Beta-Caryophyllene have anti-inflammatory and pain relief qualities. In other words, these compounds have powerful therapeutic effects. When it comes to CBD hemp flowers, they synergize with cannabidiol pain-relief effects.

 

The terpene in CBD has a sedative or calming effects like the myrcene or limonene compound. Most of the CBD hemp flower terpene has antidepressant-like effects.

 

List of Cannabis Terpenes

 

Myrcene Terpene

 

This terpene exists in large quantities in Hemp. The terpene exhibits the scent of mangoes, and that is why it has an earthy and citrusy aroma. It is not only found in herb plants, but you will also notice its smell in lemongrass and thyme. Excellent research suggests myrcene in Hemp has a positive physiological effect on a person.

 

Myrcene’s sedative and relaxing qualities are used in combating insomnia. Therapeutic benefits include:

  • Sedative
  • Analgesic
  • Antibiotic
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Anti-spam modular

 

Limonene

 

This is the second-largest terpene in the hemp plant. It has a citrusy and stimulating aromatic substance with antimicrobial and anti-carcinogenic properties. It is found in fruits like limes, grapefruits, and lemons. You’ll also experience its scent in peppermint, juniper plants, lime, grapefruits, and orange peels. If you are struggling with fatigue, sniffing limonene will make you feel good. Limonene therapeutic benefits will include:

  • Anti-anxiety
  • Antidepressant
  • Stimulation
  • Antibacterial 
  • Boost focus and attention

 

B-Caryophyllene

 

If you have come across the clove-like peppery flavor and aroma with citrus notes, then you have experience B-caryophyllene. Hemp flowers which have this terpene have a powerful anti-inflammatory or analgesic effects. Research also shows that this terpene relieves people from the painful inflammatory GI tract disorder like Crohn’s collins and IBD. Therapeutic effects include:

  • Boosts immune system
  • Stimulates death of cancer cells
  • Suppress growth
  • Promotes digestion

 

Linalool

 

Linalool terpene has a smooth, subtle taste. This terpene is common in lavender herbs. This linalool in a hemp plant aids in sound sleep and boosts the mood. Therapeutic benefits include:

 

  • Anti-anxiety
  • Sedative
  • Anti-epileptic
  • Immune system
  • Antidepressant
  • Muscle relaxation
  • Anesthetic like effects

 

A-Pinene

 

This terpene is found in conifer trees, pine needles, rosemary basil, parsley, and drill. In his book, Cannabis vs. climate change, Paul Von Hartsmen recommends people to harness this terpene to control climate change. His idea is that if people plant enough hemp plants, they will cool the earth’s temperature and prevent global warming.

 

If you have walked in a fresh pine forest and fell in love with the sensation of the smell of these herbs, know you have experienced the therapeutic benefit of this pine. Besides that, the terpene is excellent for:

 

  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Antibacterial
  • Improves memory
  • Bronchodilator (improves respiration)
  • Anti-anxiety
  • Anti-cancer 

Camphene

 

This is a minor terpene. Its aroma resembles a  camphor-like aroma with subtle sweet undertones. The terpene is used to treat bacterial and fungal infections. Best of all, people consider it to treat eczema, psoriasis, and other skin conditions. Studies reveal the terpene reduces cholesterol and triglyceride levels, the two causes of heart-related diseases. Therapeutic Effects:

  • Reduces cholesterol
  • Lowers triglyceride levels
  • Antiviral
  • Antifungal
  • Expectorant
  • Atmospheric antiseptic
  • Anti-edematous
  • Bactericidal

 

Nerolidol

 

It is a unique terpene found in a hemp flower. The terpene is a natural insecticide that kills bacteria, fungi, parasites, and mites. Its aroma resembles the scent of traditional Chinese medicine like ginger and lemongrass.

 

Despite its being a powerful pesticide agent, it is safe for human consumption. Its therapeutic benefits are linked to improving skin conditions.

 

Therapeutic Effects:

  • Antibacterial
  • Antifungal
  • Anti-parasitic
  • Insecticidal
  • Anti-lice
  • Anti-anxiety
  • Effective in Malaria treatment
  • Improves transdermal administration of medicines
  • Naturally sedative and calming 

 

Terpinolene

 

It is a terpene found in lots of fruits, herbs, flowers, and trees. The smell is unique, sweet, and filled with herbal aroma. Although it is not the primary terpene in the strain profile, it has excellent health benefits such as

  • Cardiovascular benefits
  • Naturally calming anti-stress
  • Antimicrobial
  • Antifungal
  • Prevent the growth of brain cancer cells.
  • Antioxidant
  • Shown to slow tumor growth         

 

There are lots of terpenes in both hemp and marijuana plants, which are beneficial for our health. Unfortunately, little research and studies have been done about terpene. We just need to be patients as scientists uncover the potential effects of terpenes.

 

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